Which countries have opened their borders ahead of the summer holiday season?
Countries around the world are increasingly adopting sweeping measures, including full lockdowns, shutting down airports, imposing travel restrictions and completely sealing their borders, to contain the new coronavirus.
Below is a list of countries that have taken such measures in recent days. Travellers should visit government websites for updated information and more details.
Albania Algeria Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burkina Faso Cambodia Cameroon Canada Chile China Colombia Congo (Republic) Costa Rica Cote d’Ivoire Croatia Cuba Cyprus Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominican Republic East Timor Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Estonia Ethiopia Fiji Finland France Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Greece Grenada Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iran Iraq Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lebanon Libya Lithuania Madagascar Malaysia Maldives Mali Mauritius Mexico Moldova Morocco Myanmar Nepal Netherlands New Caledonia New Zealand Nigeria North Korea Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Romania Russia Rwanda Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saudi Arabia Serbia Seychelles Seychelles Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Somalia South Africa South Korea Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Sweden Tajikistan Thailand Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela Vietnam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
On March 22, Albania suspended all commercial flights to and from the country, allowing only flag carrier Air Albania to fly to Turkey’s Istanbul and operate humanitarian flights.
The government suspended air and sea travel with Europe from March 19. Authorities had previously halted flights with Morocco, Spain, France and China.
Passengers and airline crew who have been in China, France, Iran, Italy, South Korea, Portugal or Spain are not allowed to enter Angola.Residents of Angola, airline crew and nationals of Angola who arrive from, or have been in those seven countries, will be put in quarantine.
All airports were closed for 14 days on March 20. Passengers who have travelled outside of the Caribbean region within the past 14 days, will be quarantined for 14 days upon arrival.
Antigua and Barbuda
According to a March 12 travel advisory published on the Antigua Barbuda Tourism Authority’s website, foreign nationals who have travelled to Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Iran, Ireland, Italy, South Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United States or the United Kingdom in the previous 28 days will not be allowed to enter the country. Diplomats are exempted. Any cruise ship with suspected cases may also be blocked from docking.
Argentina announced on March 15 that it would close its borders to all non-residents for at least two weeks, and all flights from the United States and Europe would be cancelled, starting from March 16. The closure was later extended until April 12.
Passengers are not allowed to enter Aruba, residents included, however, outbound flights are still allowed. The restriction does not apply to airline crew.
Passengers are not allowed to transit or enter Australia, except for nationals of the country, immediate family members of nationals, permanent residents and their immediate family members, airline crew and diplomats. The restriction also does not apply to transit nationals of Fiji, Kiribati, Marshal Islands, Micronesia, Nauru, New Zealand, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa (American), Solomon Island, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu. Nationals of Australia are not allowed to travel out of the country, except those with a residency in another country, airline and maritime crew and associated safety workers, those travelling to offshore facilities for essential work and people travelling on official government business.
Foreign travellers from outside the Schengen area are prohibited from entering Austria until further notice. EU citizens and foreigners who are entitled to enter are obliged to do a 14-day self-monitored home quarantine immediately after entering the country by air. With few exceptions, much of the country’s land borders with Hungary, the Czech Republic, Germany, Switzerland and Italy are blocked. But on May 13, Tourism Minister Elisabeth Koestinger said that the border between Germany and Austria will be open from June 15.
Foreigners, except residents or work permit holders, are not allowed to enter Azerbaijan. Passengers will be tested for COVID-19 and placed in quarantine for 14 days. The issuance of e-visas and visa on arrival has been suspended.
The Bahamas’ borders were closed until April 15, except for repatriation flights of foreign nationals from the Bahamas.
Bahrain announced a reduction in the number of incoming flights until further notice, starting on March 18. The country also suspended the visa-on-arrival scheme. Foreigners who have been in Austria, Belgium, China, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Iran, Iraq, South Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States in the past 14 days are not allowed to transit and enter Bahrain. Passengers who have been in Hong Kong, Italy, Japan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Singapore or Thailand in the past 14 days must have a valid visa prior to arrival. The restrictions do not apply to airline crew, military personnel, residents of Bahrain, nationals of Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. All passengers arriving in Bahrain will immediately be tested and be subject to quarantine. On April 4, Manama-based Gulf Air said transit through Bahrain International Airport is open again for international travellers, but entry to the country remains restricted to citizens and residents.
On April 13, the nationwide general holiday in Bangladesh was extended until April 25 as the country tries to contain the spread of the coronavirus. Previously, flights from Bhutan, Maldives and Sri Lanka were suspended until April 7. Flights from Bahrain, India, Kuwait, Malaysia, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Thailand, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates were suspended until April 14. The visa-on-arrival facility has been suspended for all nationalities.
Passengers arriving from China, Europe, Iran, South Korea, the United Kingdom and the United States will be quarantined for 14 days.
Passengers arriving from outside the European Union are not allowed to enter Belgium. The country is implementing land border controls. This does not apply to passengers with a British passport, British Overseas Territories citizenship issued by Gibraltar and British passports with a certificate of entitlement to the right of abode issued by the United Kingdom, who are returning home. The restriction also does not apply to passengers with a long-term residence permit or a long-term visa issued by EEA Member States, Switzerland or the United Kingdom. Passenger flights are only allowed to operate between 7am and 9pm local time.
Belize has closed most of its ports of entry, but its Santa Elena Border and Philip Goldson International Airport remain open, according to the country’s Ministry of Health. Cargo vessels may continue to use all ports of entry. Foreigners who have been in a European country, China, Hong Kong, Iran, Japan, or South Korea in the past 30 days are not allowed to enter Belize.
Passengers are subject to quarantine for 14 days.
Bermuda is closed for incoming passenger flights for two weeks starting from March 20.
Bolivia closed its borders to non-residents and suspended all international flights since March 17. The restriction will be in place until March 31.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Foreigners who hold ordinary passports, except residents, are not allowed to enter the country.
Foreigners, except residents, arriving from Austria, Belgium, China, Denmark, France, Germany, India, Iran, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United States or the United Kingdom are not allowed to enter Botswana. Passengers can no longer obtain a visa on arrival in Botswana.
Foreigners, except residents and immediate family members of Brazil nationals, are not allowed to enter Brazil until April 30.
Non-resident foreigners are not allowed to transit or enter Brunei. All visa exemptions and visas on arrival are temporarily suspended.
On May 21, Bulgaria scrapped a ban on the entry of visitors from the European Union and Schengen visa zone countries. In mid-March, European Union member Bulgaria banned entry to its territory to travellers from many countries in an attempt to contain the spread of the novel coronavirus. The lifting of the entry ban also covers San Marino, Andorra, Monaco and Vatican City.
The country’s Bobo Dioulasso (BOY) and Ouagadougou (OUA) airports were closed.
Effective from March 30, all visa exemptions, visas on arrival and e-visas are suspended until April 30.
On March 17, the government said it shut down land, air and sea borders indefinitely, starting from March 18. All international flights were suspended, except for cargo planes, until April 17.
On April 20, the United States, Mexico and Canada announced they are extending restrictions on non-essential travel across their shared borders for an additional 30 days, US Acting Department of Homeland Security Secretary Chad Wolf said on Twitter. On March 16, Canada announced it was closing its borders and denying entry to anyone who is not a Canadian citizen or permanent resident, except for immediate family members of Canadian citizens, aeroplane crew members, diplomats and US citizens. On March 18, the US and Canada said they were closing their border to all non-essential traffic. Trade is not affected, the countries’ leaders said. Most international flights to Canada will be directed through four airports from March 18. Domestic flights and those arriving from the Caribbean, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Mexico and the US will be exempted.
Chile announced that it will shut its borders to non-resident foreigners starting on March 18 until April 10. Additionally, nationals of New Zealand are not allowed to transit Chile. Any citizen returning from high-risk areas must quarantine for 14 days.
Chinese authorities announced on April 8 that the city of Suifenhe would be placed under a lockdown after an influx of infected travellers crossing the border from Russia. On March 26, China announced that it was temporarily banning the entry of most foreign nationals, excluding diplomatic workers, in an effort to curb the number of imported cases of the coronavirus. The foreign ministry said that even foreign citizens with residence permits would be prevented from entering starting on March 28. It said foreign citizens coming to China for “necessary economic, trade, scientific or technological activities or out of emergency humanitarian needs” can still apply for visas. In January, China stepped up measures to deal with cases from overseas, with Beijing and other regions forcing international arrivals to go into a 14-day quarantine. The civil aviation ministry also limited passenger numbers on inbound international flights.
Colombia announced that from March 16, all land, air and sea borders will remain shut until May 30. This includes its border with Venezuela where thousands of migrants and refugees cross daily. Colombia will also halt domestic flights from March 25.
The Republic of the Congo has closed its borders and all airports.
After declaring a state of emergency, Costa Rica closed all borders to foreigners on March 18.
The country’s borders have been closed since March 25.
The country’s borders are closed for non-EU visitors until April 18.
All non-resident foreigners are barred from entering Cuba. Nationals and residents arriving on the island are subject to a 14-day quarantine. Effective from April 2, all flights, except humanitarian, to Cuba were suspended.
Foreign visitors are not allowed to enter Cyprus from outside the European Union. Nationals and residents of Cyprus must have a certificate of health stating they are free from COVID-19 issued within a maximum of 4 days before departure. They will be quarantined for 14 days.
Cyprus extended a ban on commercial air traffic until May 17. The ban, first introduced on March 21 and extended by decrees since then, would now extend from April 30 to May 17, Transport Minister Yiannis Karousos said in a tweet, citing a decision by the island’s cabinet. Passengers who are not citizens or resident in Cyprus are not allowed to enter the country. Nationals and residents must acquire a certificate of health stating they are free from the new coronavirus within a maximum of 4 days before departure. They will also have to quarantine for 14 days upon arrival.
The Czech prime minister said on March 12 the country would close its borders to travellers from Germany and Austria and ban the entry of foreigners from other high-risk countries. Czechs were prohibited from travelling to those countries, and to and from other countries deemed risky, effective from March 14. The full list includes other European Union members Italy, Sweden, France, the Netherlands, Belgium, Spain and Denmark, as well as the UK, Switzerland, Norway, China, South Korea and Iran. International public transport vehicles with more than nine seats will also be banned from crossing borders.
On March 13, Denmark said it would temporarily close its borders to non-citizens, except residents. “All tourists, all travel, all vacations and all foreigners who cannot prove a creditable purpose of entering Denmark, will be denied entrance at the Danish border,” Prime Minister Mette Frederiksen said. The closure would not apply to the transport of goods, including foods, medicine and industrial supplies.
On March 15, Djibouti said it was suspending all international flights.
The government said on April 20 that all flights are suspended until April 30.
Travellers are not allowed to enter the country.
From March 16, borders were completely closed, including to citizens and residents, for 21 days.
All flights to Egypt were suspended, except humanitarian, repatriation and United Nations flights with a pre-authorisation from the country’s civil aviation.
El Salvador shut down its airport on March 16 to all commercial flights. On March 11, it had banned entry to all foreigners, excluding accredited diplomats and legal residents of the country. Those allowed to enter were subject to a possible 30-day quarantine.
All non-resident foreigners are barred from entry.
On March 20, the Ethiopian government announced that its state-carrier, the African continent’s biggest airline, would suspend flights to 30 countries. From March 23, all arriving passengers face mandatory quarantine. Ethiopia also announced that it would shut its land borders to nearly all human traffic as part of efforts to curb the spread of the coronavirus.
Passengers and airline crew are not allowed to enter Fiji. The restriction does not apply to residents who will be required to self-quarantine for 14 days.
Passengers are not allowed to enter Finland, except for nationals, EU residents and passengers with a residence permit issued by Finland. The restricting measure does not apply to EU residents, including their family members, and passengers with a British passport, family members included, who are returning via Finland to their respective country of residence. Healthcare workers, transport personnel, diplomats and a few other cases are also exempted from the travel restrictions.
French President Emmanuel Macron on April 13 announced he was extending a virtual lockdown to curb the coronavirus outbreak until May 11, adding that progress had been made but the battle not yet won. He said that by May 11, France would be able to test every citizen presenting COVID-19 symptoms. Passengers arriving from a non-Schengen Member State are not allowed to enter France. This does not apply to nationals of EEA Member States, Switzerland, passengers with a British passport, and those with residence permits issued by France. Healthcare professionals and researchers working on coronavirus are also exempted from the travel restrictions.
Gabon banned entry for anyone – except nationals and residents – who have been in Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, China, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Ireland, South Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, the US or the UK in the last 14 days.
The Gambia decided on March 23 to close its borders with neighbouring Senegal for 21 days as part of measures to stem the spread of the coronavirus, local media reported on Monday.
The Caucasus republic imposed a ban on all non-resident foreign citizens entering the country and closed its borders. Georgia also halted air traffic with other countries on March 20. Georgia priests bless Tbilisi city in bid to contain COVID-19 (1:46)
Passengers arriving from a non-Schengen Member State are not allowed to enter Germany. This does not apply to nationals of EEA Member States, Switzerland, British citizens and passengers with long-term right of residence in an EEA Member States, Switzerland or the UK, returning home. Passengers must present a completed Public Health Passenger Locator Form upon arrival.
Starting on March 17, Ghana banned entry to anyone who has been to a country with more than 200 coronavirus cases in the previous 14 days, unless they were official residents or Ghanaian nationals. The country closed all borders from March 22 and ordered a mandatory quarantine for anyone who entered the country before midnight that day.
Greece suspended all flights to and from Italy, Spain, Turkey and the United Kingdom. On March 15, it had said it would ban road and sea routes, as well as flights to Albania and North Macedonia. Only cargo and citizens who live in Greece will be allowed to travel to and from Albania and North Macedonia, authorities said. Athens also banned passenger ship routes to and from Italy, while no cruise ships would be allowed to dock at Greek ports. Greece said it would put anyone arriving from abroad in quarantine for two weeks. Turkey’s land borders with Greece have been closed to entry and exit of passengers.
Maurice Bishop International Airport (GND) and Lauriston Airport (CRU) were closed for all passenger traffic from March 23. Visitors are banned from entry when arriving within 14 days of travel in Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, China, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Iran, Ireland, Italy, South Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the US or the UK.
Guatemala banned all non-resident arrivals and suspended all flights from March 16 except for cargo. It also banned cruise ships from docking. On March 17, the country also announced it was suspending all deportation flights from the US. All nationals, residents and diplomats are required to be quarantined upon arrival. On April 4, President Alejandro Giammattei also banned travel between the different departments inside of the Central American country before and during Easter.
Starting on March 18, all airports were partially closed for 14 days. The closure mainly affects international passenger flights, local media reported.
On March 19, Haiti’s government declared a state of emergency over the coronavirus outbreak, closing the borders of the nation and imposing a curfew after authorities detected the first two cases of infection. It has also suspended all international flights, except for those coming from the US, and it closed its border with the Dominican Republic.
Honduras has ordered all borders closed except for cargo.
On April 9, Hungary prolonged a nationwide lockdown indefinitely to slow the spread of the coronavirus, Prime Minister Viktor Orban said on his Facebook page, asking citizens to observe the order despite the Easter holiday. Hungary will close its borders to international passengers, Prime Minister Viktor Orban told Parliament on March 16.
India banned all international flights, except cargo, until April 14. On March 18, India said it would suspend the vast majority of visas to the country. Millions of foreign nationals of Indian origin, who are traditionally granted visa-free access, will now also need to apply. It urged Indian nationals to avoid all non-essential travel abroad. On March 17, India had suspended issuing visas to citizens of France, Spain and Germany until further notice. Such restrictions were already in place for citizens of China, Italy, Iran, Japan and South Korea – the five countries worst hit by the outbreak. It closed a border with neighbouring Myanmar.
Indonesia will temporarily ban domestic and international air and sea travel, with some exceptions, starting from April 25 to prevent a further spread of the coronavirus, the transport ministry said in a statement. The announcement came as the holy month of Ramadan began in the world’s largest Muslim majority country, and the government has already banned citizens’ traditional annual exodus from the cities to the provinces during the holiday period. The ban on sea travel took immediate effect, but the ban on air travel started on April 26 so that some pre-booked flights could go-ahead. The ban will apply across-the-board until May 31. The ministry had previously given different dates for the end of the ban for different modes of transport. Cargo transport is exempted. Other exceptions would include flights to repatriate Indonesian and foreign citizens, as well as travel by state officials, diplomatic staff and representatives of international organisations, the officials said. The government has banned Indonesia’s traditional annual exodus for Muslim holidays.
Nationals of China with ordinary passports, passengers with a Hong Kong passport and passengers with a Macao passport are no longer visa-exempt. However, they can obtain a visa on arrival. They are required to clear the medical and health check upon arrival. After that, they will be given a certificate.
The Iraqi government said it will close all airports until April 24. Schools, universities, shopping centres and other large gathering places will also remain closed.
The Israel border is closed for all, except nationals, residents and those with a specific entry approval from the Immigration Authority. Transit facilities at Tel Aviv (TLV) are temporarily suspended.
In Italy, government officials placed the country of 60 million people on lockdown on March 10 in an attempt to stop the spread of the virus. On June 3, Italy reopened its borders to travellers from European countries. Arrivals in Italy from Europe will not be required to self-isolate unless they have recently travelled from another continent. Tourists from outside Europe are not allowed to enter Italy via airports in the Lombardy region and the provinces of Alessandria, Asti, Modena, Novara, Padova, Parma, Pesaro and Urbino, Piaceza, Reggio Emilia, Rimini, Treviso-Venice, Verbano-Cusio-Ossola and Vercelli.
All borders are closed in Ivory Coast until further notice.
Jamaica has imposed travel restrictions on travellers from Iran, China, South Korea, Italy, Singapore, Germany, Spain, France and the UK, local media reported. The government also said anyone arriving from countries where there is community spread will be required to self-quarantine for 14 days.
The country initially imposed an entry ban to travellers who have been in China, Iran or Italy in the 14 days before arrival. On April 3, it extended that ban to 73 countries, including the US, UK and Canada. The ban includes at least 44 European countries, 12 Asian countries, four countries in the Middle East, five African countries, six Latin American countries, as well as Australia and New Zealand. ANA Holdings Inc and Japan Airlines Co Ltd (JAL) are operating at nearly half their domestic capacity even though the coronavirus outbreak has left seats on flights mostly empty. The two normally fly around 800 or more domestic flights daily. The country’s two biggest airlines, have cut around 90% of international flights but left much of their domestic network intact, industry data showed.
Jordan on March 17 closed border crossings with Israel and the Israeli-occupied West Bank and its seaports to shipping from Egypt. It also barred overland passenger traffic from Iraq. The government banned travel to Lebanon and Syria and also barred entry to travellers from France, Germany and Spain. The measures included reducing airline services by half to Egypt.
Kazakhstan will extend its state of emergency declared over the coronavirus outbreak until the end of April, President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev’s office said. The state of emergency, which has allowed the government to lock down all provinces and major cities and shut down many businesses, was originally due to end on April 15. President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev on March 15 declared a state of emergency, barring entry to the country for everyone except returning citizens, diplomats and those invited by the government. Kazakhs are also barred from leaving the country.
All international flights to Kenya are suspended. Kenya blocks entry for non-residents in virus response (2:38)
Authorities banned all commercial passenger flights to and from Kuwait from March 13.
Kyrgyzstan on March 17 said it would ban entry to all foreigners.
Latvia stopped nearly all foreigners from entering the country, with all international travel, by air, rail, sea and road cancelled from March 17. Latvians and foreigners with residency rights in Latvia can enter the country.
On April 9, Lebanon’s government extended its almost month-long coronavirus shutdown by another two weeks until April 26 to combat the spread of the disease, the information minister said. The Lebanese government on March 11 announced the suspension of flights from Italy, Iran, China and South Korea. On March 12, the Lebanese government decided to close indefinitely all land border crossings into Syria.
Libya’s UN-recognised Government of National Accord (GNA) in Tripoli suspended all flights at the Misrata Airport for three weeks on March 16. Borders have also been closed. Libya closes borders to protect weak health sector from COVID-19 (2:22)
Lithuania on March 16 shut its borders to nearly all foreigners. Lithuanian citizens were also banned from leaving the country, except for business trips. The ban, which has exceptions for truck drivers, diplomats and people passing through the country on their way home, will be in force until March 30.
All flights to Madagascar were suspended until April 20.
Malaysia has extended movement and travel restrictions that have been put in place to contain a coronavirus outbreak until May 12. The curbs, first imposed on March 18, were originally set to end on April 14.
The government banned entry to travellers from China, Italy, Bangladesh, Iran, Malaysia and the UK, as well as to those coming from specific regions in Germany, France and South Korea. All direct flights to China, South Korea and Italy have also been suspended.
Mali will indefinitely suspend flights from countries affected by the virus starting on March 19, except for cargo flights.
Non-resident foreign nationals are not allowed to transit or enter Mauritius. Airline crew will be isolated in their hotel rooms.
On April 20, the United States, Mexico and Canada announced they are extending restrictions on non-essential travel across their shared borders for an additional 30 days, US Acting Department of Homeland Security Secretary Chad Wolf said on Twitter. On March 20, the US and Mexico agreed to restrict non-essential travel over their shared border, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said, placing limitations on one of the world’s busiest borders. The restrictions will be reviewed after 30 days, Pompeo said at a White House news briefing.
Moldova temporarily shut its borders and suspended all international flights from March 17.
On March 14, Morocco said it would halt flights to and from 25 countries, extending an earlier ban that covered China, Spain, Italy, France and Algeria. The countries affected are Austria, Bahrain, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Chad, Denmark, Egypt, Germany, Greece, Jordan, Lebanon, Mali, Mauritania, the Netherlands, Niger, Norway, Oman, Portugal, Senegal, Switzerland, Sweden, Tunisia, Turkey and the UAE. Morocco then suspended all flights into the country.
All visa issuances are suspended until April 30. All international flights to Myanmar are suspended until April 13.
As of March 14, all foreign nationals who enter Nepal must remain in self-quarantine for 14 days, according to the country’s Department of Immigration. Nepali nationals and residents must stay in home quarantine for 14 days from their arrival date. All these measures are in place until April 30. The country has stopped issuing on-arrival visas to foreigners from March 14 through April 30. All international flights to Nepal are suspended until April 15.
The Dutch government announced that entry restrictions will be tightened for non-EU citizens who wish to travel to the Netherlands starting from March 19. The travel restrictions do not apply to EU citizens (including citizens of the UK) and their family members, as well as citizens from Norway, Iceland, Switzerland, Lichtenstein and their family members. Check here for more details on exceptions.
Flights to New Caledonia are suspended until 31 May 2020.
From March 19, New Zealand will close its borders to all non-citizens or non-permanent residents. Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern said on March 15 everyone arriving in New Zealand will require to self-isolate for 14 days, excluding people from the Pacific Islands.
On April 20, Nigeria extended the closure of its airspace and airports by two weeks, aviation minister Hadi Sirika said on Twitter. On April 13, Nigeria extended the lockdown in three key states of Lagos, Abuja and Ogun by 14 days to slow the spread of coronavirus in Africa’s most populous country. On March 18, the government announced it was restricting entry into the country for travellers from China, Italy, Iran, South Korea, Spain, Japan, France, Germany, the US, Norway, the UK, Switzerland and the Netherlands. Those coming from high-risk countries are asked to self-isolate for 14 days. Nigeria expanded its restrictions on March 21 announcing it will close its two main international airports in the cities of Lagos and Abuja from March 23 for one month. The country also plans to suspend rail services starting on March 23.
Tourists are not allowed to enter. Business travellers must spend 14 days in quarantine upon arrival.
On March 14, Norway said it would shut its ports and airports from March 16, although exemptions will be made for Norwegians returning from abroad, residents of Norway, and goods. The country also said it will implement extensive controls of its land entry points, but will not shut its 1,630km (1,000-mile) border with neighbouring Sweden.
Oman suspended tourist visas from all countries and banned cruise ships from docking. From March 18, it enforced an entry ban on all non-Omanis, including expatriates with residency visas.
The Pakistan government has extended the suspension of domestic and international flight operations in the country until April 21, a notification issued by the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) said. On March 21, the country suspended all international flights until April 4. The move came as the country had already shut all its land borders a week before. “It has been decided that all borders will remain closed for 15 days,” Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi told the local ARY and Dunya TV networks. “International flights will operate only out of Karachi, Lahore and Islamabad airports.” On March 29, Islamabad said its borders would remain closed for another two weeks, as the number of people infected with the coronavirus surpassed 1,400.
On March 16, the government announced that only Panamanians and foreign residents would be allowed to enter the country. On March 22, the country banned all international flights and on March 25, Panama suspended all domestic passenger flights from both local and international airports.
On March 14, Paraguay suspended flights from Europe until at least March 26. It has also restricted traffic across Friendship Bridge, which connects the country with Brazil, to authorised cargo traffic.
After declaring a state of emergency on March 15, Peru announced it would shut down its border for at least 15 days starting on March 16. The measure includes the cancellation of all commercial international flights into the country.
A month-long lockdown on Luzon – the largest Philippine island home to nearly 60 million people – is in place while the Philippines’ major airlines said their domestic and international flights will remain suspended until mid-May. Philippine Airlines, Cebu Pacific and the Philippine unit of Malaysia’s Airasia Group Berhad said passenger flights, which were halted in March, will remain suspended. Cargo and special recovery flights will continue.
On March 13, Poland said it would ban foreigners from entering the country from March 15 and impose a 14-day quarantine on its citizens returning home. Those with a residence permit in Poland would also be allowed to enter, Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki said. No international inbound flights or trains would be allowed from March 15, except for some charter flights bringing Poles back from holidays. On May 19, Poland’s national carrier PLL LOT says it is extending its ban on international flights until June 14, but is resuming some domestic flights June 1.
Portuguese Prime Minister Antonio Costa announced the closure of all airports to commercial flights during the usually busy Easter holiday period to stop the spread of the virus. The airports will shut between April 9 and April 13 and only flights repatriating citizens or transporting goods will be allowed to operate. Last month, flights from outside the EU were suspended, excluding the UK, USA, Canada, Venezuela, South Africa and Portuguese-speaking countries. Costa had said that travel restrictions on the land border with Spain should guarantee that free movement of goods continues and protect the rights of workers, but that “there must be a restriction (on travelling) for the purposes of tourism or leisure”.
On April 6, Puerto Rico announced passengers will be quarantined for 14 days, and they must present a completed Puerto Rico Department of Health form upon arrival.
On March 15, Qatar said it would ban inbound flights, except for cargo and transit flights, starting from March 18. The entry ban does not apply to Qatari citizens. Nationals of Qatar are not allowed to exit the country.
Romania’s government barred most foreigners from entering the country on March 21 and tightened restrictions on movement inside the country. “Foreign citizens and stateless persons are banned from entering Romania through all border points,” Interior Minister Marcel Vela said during a national address. Exceptions would be allowed for those transiting through Romania using corridors to be agreed with neighbouring states, he added.
Russia announced that it would close its borders starting on March 30 in a bid to curb the spread of the coronavirus. The Russian government has ordered the civil aviation authority to suspend all regular and charter flights to and from Russia from March 27. On March 14, the Russian government said it was closing the country’s land border with Poland and Norway for foreigners. Citizens of neighbouring Belarus and official delegations were exempt.
Rwanda on March 22 closed its borders completely, except for goods and cargo and returning citizens, authorities said. Anyone arriving in Rwanda will be subject to a 14-day quarantine at designated locations.
Saint Kitts and Nevis
The Caribbean country asked anyone who has travelled to China, Italy, Iran, Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, Japan, the UK, France, Germany and Spain to not visit, the Miami Herald reported. If an individual does arrive from one of these countries, he or she must go through a 14-day quarantine.
Saint Lucia imposed restrictions on travellers arriving from France, Germany, Spain, the UK, China, Japan, South Korea, Italy and Singapore, according to local media. As of March 23, the island nation closed it’s airports to incoming traffic until at least April 5.
On March 15, Saudi Arabia suspended all international flights for two weeks.
Serbia decided on May 21 to reopen the country’s borders more than two months after sealing them shut. On March 19, Serbia closed its airport and said it would shut all road and rail borders other than to freight traffic, as well as halt all internal passenger transport, in a bid to curb the spread of coronavirus. Passenger flights were banned from Belgrade’s Nikola Tesla Airport for the first time since 1999 when flights were halted during the NATO bombing of the country and the war in Kosovo. The airport remained open only for humanitarian flights and planes with special permits.
All international flights to Seychelles are suspended.
The international airport in Seychelles is closed to all international flights.
All short-term visitors are banned from transiting or entering Singapore. Singapore residents and pass-holders will be quarantined or asked to self-isolate for 14 days.
Slovakia banned international passenger travel on March 12 but the border remained open for freight. On March 27, Slovakia announced it was closing border crossings with Poland, the Czech Republic, Hungary and Austria for the transit of trucks over 7.5 tons delivering non-essential goods.
Slovenia on March 11 said it was closing some border crossings with Italy and began making health checks at those remaining open. Passenger train transport between the two countries was also cancelled.
Somalia has banned all international flights.
On April 9, South Africa’s President Cyril Ramaphosa said he will extend a nationwide lockdown by two weeks. The lockdown, which started on March 27 and was due to last for 21 days. South Africa barred entry to foreign travellers arriving from or transiting through high-risk countries, including Italy, Iran, South Korea, Spain, Germany, France, Switzerland, the US, the UK and China. South Africans were also advised to cancel or postpone all non-essential foreign travel. South African Airways announced on March 20 it would suspend international flights until May 31.
On March 17, South Korea said it would tighten border checks for all overseas arrivals. The government had already imposed strict border checks on visitors from China, Italy and Iran, requiring them to sign up by a smartphone application to track whether they have any symptoms, such as fever. The government also issued a “special travel advisory” on March 23, calling on its citizens to cancel or postpone their trips abroad over the spread of the new coronavirus. The Foreign Ministry said that the special travel advisory applies to all countries except those that are already under higher alerts that call for the withdrawal of citizens or are subject to a travel ban. South Korea has also enforced a two-week quarantine period and virus tests for all long-term arrivals from Europe, regardless of symptoms, to contain imported virus cases.
Spain will restrict entry for most foreigners at air and seaports for the next 30 days to help stem its coronavirus epidemic, the Interior Ministry said on March 22. The ban – starting at midnight – comes a few days after Spain imposed restrictions on its land borders with France and Portugal, after European Union leaders agreed to close the bloc’s external borders for 30 days. Spanish nationals, foreigners living in Spain, aircrew, cargo and healthcare workers and diplomats will be allowed to travel as normal, the ministry said in its statement. On March 16, the Spanish government announced the closing of its land borders, allowing only citizens, residents and others with special circumstances to enter the country. Direct flights from Italy to Spain have been banned until March 25.
On March 22, the Sri Lankan government imposed a ban on all passenger flights and ships until March 31. The order was later extended until at least April 7. A government had previously said in a statement that all passenger flights and ships will not be allowed to enter the Indian Ocean island until the situation returns to normalcy.
On March 16, Sudan closed all airports, ports and land crossings. Only humanitarian, commercial and technical support shipments were excluded from the restrictions. Coronavirus in Sudan: Food and medical supplies in short supply (2:35)
Suriname closed all of its land and sea borders on March 14.
The government has temporarily stopped non-essential travel to Sweden from countries outside the EEA and Switzerland. The decision took effect on March 19 and will initially apply for 30 days.
All flights are suspended starting from March 20. Travellers who have been in or transited through, China, Iran, Italy or South Korea in the 14 days before arrival are banned from entering the country.
Foreigners, except those with a work permit, diplomats or their family members, are not allowed to enter or transit Thailand. The country’s aviation agency announced on April 6 the extension of a ban on all passenger flights from landing in Thailand until April 18.
Trinidad and Tobago
Trinidad and Tobago closed its airports until April 30.
Tunisia, which declared 24 cases of the virus, closed mosques, cafes and markets, closed its land borders and suspended international flights on March 16.
Turkey shut down borders of 31 cities and towns and imposed a partial curfew for citizens under the age of 20 to contain the coronavirus outbreak.
Turkmenistan, which has so far reported no coronavirus cases, has suspended all international flights until April 20. Domestically, people travelling to and from Ashgabat were told by officials at checkpoints installed around the capital that non-essential travel was banned, according to Reuters.
On March 18, Uganda restricted travel to some of the affected countries such as Italy. Uganda suspended all passenger planes in and out of the country starting from March 22. Cargo planes will be exempted.
Ukraine said on March 13 that foreign nationals would be barred from entering the country.
United Arab Emirates
The government indefinitely suspended flights to and from Lebanon, Turkey, Syria and Iraq from March 17. On March 23, Dubai carrier Emirates announced the suspension of all passenger flights. Hours later, Abu Dhabi’s Etihad announced the suspension of all passenger services, except for some returning UAE nationals and diplomats to Abu Dhabi. On May 13, Emirates Airline announced its plans to operate scheduled flights starting from May 21 from Dubai to London Heathrow, Frankfurt, Paris, Milan, Madrid, Chicago, Toronto, Sydney and Melbourne.
The government on March 17 advised citizens “against all non-essential travel worldwide”, initially for a period of 30 days. According to Neil Ferguson, a government adviser and leading professor of mathematical biology at Imperial College, the UK will not be able to relax its stringent lockdown rules until the end of May.
On April 20, the United States, Mexico and Canada announced they are extending restrictions on non-essential travel across their shared borders for another 30 days, US Acting Department of Homeland Security Secretary Chad Wolf said on Twitter. The US has banned the entry of all foreign nationals who have travelled to China, Iran, Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the UK or Ireland 14 days before their arrival. US citizens or permanent residents who have visited a high-risk area must fly into one of the 13 international airports with enhanced entry screening capabilities.
On March 15, Uruguay announced it would ban all flights from Europe starting from March 20. Earlier, it had announced that passengers from China, South Korea, Japan, Singapore, Iran, Spain, Italy, France and Germany had to go through a 14-day quarantine.
Uzbekistan has barred entry for all foreigners. On March 22, the country announced it was closing its borders for its citizens, preventing them from leaving from March 23 onwards.
On March 12, Venezuela announced it would cancel all flights from Europe, Colombia, Panama and the Dominican Republic for at least 30 days. The country has also announced a nationwide quarantine.
Vietnam announced on March 21 that it will suspend all inbound international flights to contain the spread of coronavirus in the country, without giving a time frame. The government also announced it would bar entry for all foreigners from March 22, except for special cases.
On March 14, the internationally-recognised government of war-torn Yemen said it would suspend all flights to and from airports under its control for two weeks starting on March 18. A statement from the office of Prime Minister Maeen Abdulmalik Saeed said the move exempted flights for humanitarian purposes. The key airports his government controls are in Aden, Sayoun and Mukalla.
All international flights must arrive at Kenneth Kaunda International Lusaka Airport (LUN). Passengers and airline crew must be quarantined for at least 14 days at their own cost.
Zimbabwe President Emmerson Mnangagwa announced on March 24 that all borders will be closed to human traffic, except for returning residents.
Italy reopened its borders to European travellers, and other EU member states look set to follow suit by mid-June. Yet confusion remains over which will welcome visitors from countries with higher infection rates, including Britain.
As the UK home secretary, Priti Patel, confirmed on Wednesday that Britain would enforce a 14-day quarantine period on almost all overseas arrivals from 8 June, Italy said its borders were no longer closed to most travellers from Europe.
A foreign ministry spokesman said, however, that the government had not yet spoken to the UK about trying to establish an “air bridge” between the two countries, so that Britons would not have to self-isolate on their return.
Despite the EU’s call for a coordinated reopening of the continent’s key travel and tourism sector from 15 June, other member states seem reluctant to welcome travellers from Italy, which has suffered Europe’s second-highest Covid-19 death toll after the UK.
Austria’s foreign minister, Alexander Schallenberg, said on Wednesday its border restrictions, including quarantines, would be lifted on Thursday for all the country’s eight neighbours except Italy.
“We will lift all the coronavirus-related border and health checks with Germany, Liechtenstein, Switzerland, Slovakia, Slovenia, the Czech Republic and Hungary,” Schallenberg said. Unfortunately, he added, “for Italy the pandemic figures do not yet allow such a step”.
It follows Germany’s announcement on Wednesday that it would lift a blanket travel ban to all 27 EU member states plus Iceland, Norway, Liechtenstein, Switzerland and Britain from 15 June, providing there were no entry bans or large-scale lockdowns in those countries.
How will the UK’s new 14-day coronavirus quarantine work?
The foreign minister, Heiko Maas, told a press conference that the ban would be replaced with daily advice on travel to individual countries, and warned that Berlin would continue to warn against all non-essential travel to Britain while the UK maintains its 14-day quarantine rules.
The French foreign ministry also said that France and the UK had not started bilateral talks on a possible quarantine exception for travel between the two countries, saying that for the time being it would be applying a principle of strict reciprocity.
The Dutch prime minister, Mark Rutte, announced on Wednesday the lifting of restrictions on travel from all EU and Schengen zone countries except Sweden, where the infection rate is still running relatively high, and the UK.
Portugal’s foreign minister, Augusto Santos Silva, told the BBC on Wednesday that talks were under way with London on establishing an “air bridge” between the two countries, saying quarantine was “an enemy of tourism” and anyone wanting a holiday in Portugal this summer would be “most welcome”.
Spain, meanwhile, said on Wednesday it was working on plans to gradually open its borders to tourists from countries with relatively low infection rates, possibly starting on 22 June, a day after the country’s state of emergency is due to be lifted.
A tourism ministry spokesman told Reuters that Madrid had spoken to tour operators and airlines in several European countries and wanted “to reactivate and accelerate international mobility – but starting with areas in similar epidemiological situations”.
Spain has previously said it is keen for travel protocols to be agreed at the European level. However, concerns are now being voiced in Brussels at a lack of coordination by European governments in the reopening of the EU’s borders.
The EU set out plans in May for a phased restart of travel this summer from 15 June. A European commission spokesman said it was crucial EU member states had a “strictly coordinated approach”, but said it accepted that governments might wish to bar those coming from countries with higher rates of infection.
“We don’t comment on specific measures taken by the member states, but what we have done is to produce a number of guidelines as to how they should go about lifting restrictions at the internal borders,” the spokesman said.
“In this respect the very important principle is non-discrimination – non-discrimination in terms of nationality – and that regions of similar epidemiology benefit from the same treatment.”
Greece said at the weekend that it would resume flights to the country’s two main airports, Athens and Thessaloniki, from 15 June for an interim period before direct flights to other mainland and island destinations restart on 1 July.
During that fortnight, passengers from countries classified as high risk must undergo a coronavirus test and be prepared to self-isolate for seven or 14 days depending on the result.
The risks of opening up to foreign tourists were underlined on Wednesday, however, when 12 out of 91 passengers on a Qatar Airlines flight to Athens tested positive. “We’ve now seen what can happen this summer,” an infectious diseases expert and government adviser on the pandemic, Nikolaos Sypsas, said.
“The safest would be not to open up to tourism, but that would mean huge economic destruction,” he said. “The first thing we have to do is divide countries of origin into safe and unsafe. That creates certain diplomatic pressures, but for us the first priority is public health.”